Jane Thompson [Tucker]

Jane Thompson (or Thomson in the Book of Negroes) 70, is the matriarch of a large extended family from Norfolk and beyond who resettle in Birchtown and other parts of Nova Scotia. She is said to have run in 1777 which is a mistake, as there is clear evidence that she ran in Jan 1776. Jane is travelling to Nova Scotia with her daughter-in-law Hannah Jackson and two grandchildren, Peter and Robert Jackson. In the Birchtown muster she is in the same household as Hannah Jackson and sons, but described as being aged 60, which is closer to her real age.

She is said to have been born free, but living with Robert Tucker. However she does not appear in the Norfolk tithables as a free Negro. She could not be born free because her children are enslaved. In the Norfolk Tithables from 1750 Jane is consistently listed as Jenny in Robert Tucker's tithables and she is the inventory of Tucker's estate in 1767 as Old Jenny worth only 5 pounds. In 1768 she was purchased and freed by her second husband Talbot Thompson deceased), a free black man and sail maker who appeared consistently in the same tithable list as Robert Tucker and who defected to the British after the destruction of Norfolk in December 1775.

Jane had several children named Jackson who went with her to Nova Scotia and possibly two or more named Thompson. She did not leave for Sierra Leone in 1791 even though most of the other member of her extended family did. Jane Thompson appears in a list of destitute and distressed persons in Nova Scotia 1792.

Jane Thompson [Tucker] Relationships
  • Relative: Hannah Jackson [Newton], , Source: Birchtown Muster of Free Blacks
  • Relative: Nelly Jackson, Assumed [ Proximity In Musters Shared Group Membership ] , Source: Birchtown Muster of Free Blacks
  • Relative: King Tucker, Assumed [ Proximity In Musters, Proximity In Ownership, Common Owner Appropriate Ages ] , Source: The Book of Negroes
  • Child: John Jackson [Walke], Assumed [ Proximity In Musters, Proximity In Ownership, Kin Relations Between Owners, Shared Group Membership Appropriate Ages ] , Source: The Book of Negroes
  • Parent: James Jackson, , Source: Grants of Land - Nova Scotia
  • Relative: Grace Thomson , Assumed [ Common Distinctive Name, Proximity In The Ship, Proximity In Musters, Proximity In Ownership, Shared Group Membership Appropriate Ages ] , Source: The Book of Negroes
  • Child: James Thompson, Assumed [ Common Distinctive Name, Proximity In The Ship, Proximity In Musters, Shared Group Membership Appropriate Ages ] , Source: The Book of Negroes
  • Relative: Charles Thompson, Assumed [ Common Distinctive Name, Proximity In The Ship, Proximity In Musters, Shared Group Membership Appropriate Ages ] , Source: The Book of Negroes
  • Parent: Betty Tucker , Assumed [ Proximity In Musters, Common Owner Appropriate Ages ] , Source: Birchtown Muster of Free Blacks

Related Background Information

  • Jane Jackson-Thompson -

    Jane Thompson is one of the oldest members of the cohort of Black Loyalists from Virginia. She appears to be the matriarch of a very large extended family.

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Timeline

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1713

Born

1751

Tithables for the South Side of Tanners Creek- 1751 - Norfolk

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 2, 1751 - 1765
Name Owner
Jenny Col. Robert Tucker - Norfolk

1752

Tithables for the North Side of Tanners Creek - 1752 - North Side of Tanners Creek

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 2, 1751 - 1765
Name Owner
Jenny Col. Robert Tucker - Norfolk

1754

Tithables for the North Side of Tanners Creek - 1754 - North Side of Tanners Creek

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 2, 1751 - 1765
Name Owner
Jenny Col. Robert Tucker - Norfolk

1767

Tithables for the West Side of Church Street - 1767 - West Side of Church Street

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 3, 1766 - 1780
Name Owner
Jenny Col. Robert Tucker - Norfolk

7/ Nov
1775

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Lord Dunmore's Proclamation - Norfolk

  • John Murray, Lord Dunmore -

    John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore (1732 – 25 February 1809), was the  colonial governor of Virginia at the outbreak of the American Revolution.

Source for this event: Lord Dunmore's Proclamation

1776

Small Pox outbreak - Gwynn's Island

  • Small Pox -

    In January 1776  smallpox made an appearance in Virginia. Although smallpox had been present in the colony at times before there had never been such a serious and widespread outbreak.

1776

Ran

1782

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Treaty of Paris - Paris France

  • Treaty of Paris -

    In November 1782 a provisional peace treaty was hammered out between the British and the Americans in Paris.

Source for this event: Treaty of Paris

1783

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Evacuation of New York - New York

  • Evacuation of New York -

    In April 1783 the first evacuation fleet left for Nova Scotia. A week later  the British Commander, Sir Guy Carleton, sailed up the Hudson River to Orangetown for a conference with General Washington to discuss the evacuation. As the victorious commander, Washington opened the meeting by reiterating the resolution of Congress regarding “the delivery of all Negroes and other property.”

Source for this event: The Book of Negroes
Vessel Names and their Commanders Where Bound Names Age Description Names of the Person in whose Possession they now are Remarks
L'Abondance - July
Master: Lt. Philips
Port Roseway Jane Thompson 70 worn out with a grandchild of 5 years Left 7 years ago. Born free in Norfolk. Says she lived with Col. Tucker in Norfolk
Jane Thompson's Relationships

1784

Birchtown Muster - Birchtown

Source for this event: Birchtown Muster of Free Blacks
Name Age Occupation Families they lived with Companies they belong to Remarks Company They Are Now With
Jane Thompson 60 Captain Perth's Company
Listed With
Jane Thompson's Relationships