Pinna is the wife of Tom Sumner they travel on board the Ranger with thier two and a half year old child Cato. Both parents were enslaved to Josiah Sumner of Nansemond. They escaped in 1779. By the time of the Birchtown Muster Pinna is listed as Penny and the child Cato has disappeared, indicating that he has probably died.
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In May 1779 the British detached a fleet of ships under Admiral Collier with a army detachment under General Matthew to make a putative raid into the Lower Chesapeake and destoy the tobacco warehouses. This fleet was supported by a smaller fleet of privateers owned by John Goodridge. After destroying much of Portsmouth, the British took away a large contingent of runaways from the Portsmouth and Norfolk area. A group consisting of 256 men, 135 women and 127 children.
In April 1783 the first evacuation fleet left for Nova Scotia. A week later the British Commander, Sir Guy Carleton, sailed up the Hudson River to Orangetown for a conference with General Washington to discuss the evacuation. As the victorious commander, Washington opened the meeting by reiterating the resolution of Congress regarding “the delivery of all Negroes and other property.”
|Vessel Names and their Commanders||Where Bound||Names||Age||Description||Names of the Person in whose Possession they now are||Remarks|
Master: James Duncan
|Port Mattoon||Pinna Sumner||21||likely wench||Formerly Slave to Josiah Sumner, Nansemond. Left 4 years ago. Royal Artillery Department. Certificate from General Birch.|