Daniel Payne

Daniel ran away from General George Washington in 1781, when the British army called at his Mt Vernon estate. He travels alone on one of the very last ships to leave New York. The name Payne most likely comes from Edward Payne who lived about 15 miles away from Mount Vernon. Washington and Payne were close neighbors and friends, both for example were vestrymen at the chapel built by Edward Payne about midway between their plantations.The connection between the two families of Payne and Washington is inter-generational with George and Edward's parents also having connections with each other. Daniel travels alone and does not appear to be in the Birchtown Muster. There appears to be no connection between him and Harry Washington other than both being owned by the general.
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7/ Nov

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Lord Dunmore's Proclamation - Norfolk

  • John Murray, Lord Dunmore -

    John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore (1732 – 25 February 1809), was the  colonial governor of Virginia at the outbreak of the American Revolution.

Source for this event: Lord Dunmore's Proclamation


The Burning of Portsmouth - Portsmouth

  • The Burning of Portsmouth 1779 -

    In May 1779 the British detached a fleet of ships under Admiral Collier with a army detachment under General Matthew to make a putative raid into the Lower Chesapeake and destoy the tobacco warehouses. This fleet was supported by a smaller fleet of privateers owned by John Goodridge. After destroying much of Portsmouth, the British took away a large contingent of runaways from the Portsmouth and Norfolk area. A group consisting of 256 men, 135 women and 127 children.




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Treaty of Paris - Paris France

  • Treaty of Paris -

    In November 1782 a provisional peace treaty was hammered out between the British and the Americans in Paris.

Source for this event: Treaty of Paris


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Evacuation of New York - New York

  • Evacuation of New York -

    In April 1783 the first evacuation fleet left for Nova Scotia. A week later  the British Commander, Sir Guy Carleton, sailed up the Hudson River to Orangetown for a conference with General Washington to discuss the evacuation. As the victorious commander, Washington opened the meeting by reiterating the resolution of Congress regarding “the delivery of all Negroes and other property.”

Source for this event: The Book of Negroes
Vessel Names and their Commanders Where Bound Names Age Description Names of the Person in whose Possession they now are Remarks
Master: George Robinson
Port Mattoon Daniel Payne 22 ordinary fellow Maurice Salt Formerly Slave to Gen. Washington, Mt Vernon, Fairfax Co.. Left 4 years ago. Certificate from General Musgrave.