Frank Patrick

Frank Patrick 28 appears only in the Book of Negroes not in the Birchtown muster. He appears to be alone aboard the Clinton. there may be a mix up with owners. He claims to have been owned by Richard Brown, but curiously Brown may have been the owner of his brother Thomas and does not list a Frank among his slave, although Frank is consistently in the tithables for Cornelius Calvert and his brothers till 1778 and he is listed as lost to the British by Cornelius Calvert. His original owner may have been Richard Patrick, a mariner who was briefly in Norfolk between 1761 and 1764 who seems to have sold his slaves to the Calvert family. He could be the brother of Abby Brown. Frank Patrick went to Sierra Leone where he was a notable opponent of the Sierra Leone company rule and was executed for treason in 1780.
Frank Patrick Relationships
  • Relative: Thomas Patrick, Assumed [ Common Distinctive Name, Kin Relations Between Owners Shared Group Membership ] , Source: The Book of Negroes

Related Background Information

  • Washington’s Revolution (Harry that is, not George) -

    As Harry Washington faced a British military tribunal on the west coast of Africa, charged with rebellion against the colonial government of Sierra Leone, did he appreciate the cruel irony of his situation?  Fourteen years earlier he had fled his enslavement to the commander-in-chief of the rebel forces in colonial America to find freedom with the British military and a return to his African homeland.






Tithables for the Eastern Division - 1767 - Eastern Division

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 3, 1766 - 1780
Name Owner
Frank Cornelius Calvert - Norfolk


Tithables for the Eastern Division - 1773 - Eastern Division

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 3, 1766 - 1780
Name Owner
Frank Cornelius Calvert - Norfolk

7/ Nov

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Lord Dunmore's Proclamation - Norfolk

  • John Murray, Lord Dunmore -

    John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore (1732 – 25 February 1809), was the  colonial governor of Virginia at the outbreak of the American Revolution.

Source for this event: Lord Dunmore's Proclamation


Tithables for Ferry Point to Great Bridge - 1778 - Ferry Point to Great Bridge

Source for this event: Norfolk County Virginia Tithables, Volume 3, 1766 - 1780
Name Owner
Frank Cornelius Calvert - Norfolk


The Burning of Portsmouth - Portsmouth

  • The Burning of Portsmouth 1779 -

    In May 1779 the British detached a fleet of ships under Admiral Collier with a army detachment under General Matthew to make a putative raid into the Lower Chesapeake and destoy the tobacco warehouses. This fleet was supported by a smaller fleet of privateers owned by John Goodridge. After destroying much of Portsmouth, the British took away a large contingent of runaways from the Portsmouth and Norfolk area. A group consisting of 256 men, 135 women and 127 children.




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Treaty of Paris - Paris France

  • Treaty of Paris -

    In November 1782 a provisional peace treaty was hammered out between the British and the Americans in Paris.

Source for this event: Treaty of Paris


Evacuation of New York - New York

  • Evacuation of New York -

    In April 1783 the first evacuation fleet left for Nova Scotia. A week later  the British Commander, Sir Guy Carleton, sailed up the Hudson River to Orangetown for a conference with General Washington to discuss the evacuation. As the victorious commander, Washington opened the meeting by reiterating the resolution of Congress regarding “the delivery of all Negroes and other property.”

Source for this event: The Book of Negroes
Vessel Names and their Commanders Where Bound Names Age Description Names of the Person in whose Possession they now are Remarks
Master: Lt. Trounce
Annapolis Frank Patrick 28 stout fellow Formerly Slave to Richard Brown, Portsmouth. Left 4 years ago. Certificate from General Birch.


Patriot claims for losses to the British

Source for this event: Patriot claims for losses to the British
[We have assumed that Cornelius Calvert claimed Frank Patrick]
Remarks: [Calvert is generally understating the ages of these runaways, possibly to increase their value. ]